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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-5

Oral synbiosis—Current evidence and future potential


Department of Pediatric & Preventive Dentistry, Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Nitika Bajaj
Department of Pediatric & Preventive Dentistry, Dasmesh Institute of Research and Dental Sciences, Faridkot, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jnam.jnam_6_22

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The human oral cavity is colonized by a complex ecosystem of microorganisms. There are various beneficial and harmful bacteria present in the oral cavity. Beneficial bacteria have numerous and important functions, e.g., they produce various nutrients for their host, prevent infections, and modulate a normal immunological response. In order to achieve, restore, and maintain favorable balance in the ecosystem, the modification of the oral microbiota is necessary, for improved health outcomes. So, the introduction of probiotics, prebiotics, or synbiotics in a human diet could be beneficial. Probiotics are dietary supplements containing beneficial bacteria and yeast, whereas prebiotics are nondigestible dietary supplements that further stimulate the number and activities of probiotics to improve oral health. So, the combination of these two, probiotic and prebiotic, are regarded as “synbiotic.” Synbiotics are emerging as a captivating and desirable field in dentistry, which when consumed provides noninvasive treatment and thus improves the quality of life. This review article highlights the role of synbiotics in oral health and disease, as synbiotics can be considered a potential therapeutic and preventive strategy against various oral diseases.


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